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wp_schedule_event › WordPress Function

Since2.1.0
Deprecatedn/a
wp_schedule_event ( $timestamp, $recurrence, $hook, $args = array(), $wp_error = false )
Parameters: (5)
  • (int) $timestamp Unix timestamp (UTC) for when to next run the event.
    Required: Yes
  • (string) $recurrence How often the event should subsequently recur. See wp_get_schedules() for accepted values.
    Required: Yes
  • (string) $hook Action hook to execute when the event is run.
    Required: Yes
  • (array) $args Optional. Array containing arguments to pass to the hook's callback function. Each value in the array is passed to the callback as an individual parameter. The array keys are ignored. Default empty array.
    Required: No
    Default: array()
  • (bool) $wp_error Optional. Whether to return a WP_Error on failure. Default false.
    Required: No
    Default: false
Links:
Returns:
  • (bool|WP_Error) True if event successfully scheduled. False or WP_Error on failure.
Defined at:
Codex:
Change Log:
  • 5.1.0
  • 5.7.0

Schedules a recurring event.

Schedules a hook which will be triggered by WordPress at the specified interval. The action will trigger when someone visits your WordPress site if the scheduled time has passed. Valid values for the recurrence are 'hourly', 'daily', and 'twicedaily'. These can be extended using the {@see 'cron_schedules'} filter in wp_get_schedules(). Note that scheduling an event to occur within 10 minutes of an existing event with the same action hook will be ignored unless you pass unique $args values for each scheduled event. Use wp_next_scheduled() to prevent duplicate events. Use wp_schedule_single_event() to schedule a non-recurring event.


Source

function wp_schedule_event( $timestamp, $recurrence, $hook, $args = array(), $wp_error = false ) {
	// Make sure timestamp is a positive integer.
	if ( ! is_numeric( $timestamp ) || $timestamp <= 0 ) {
		if ( $wp_error ) {
			return new WP_Error(
				'invalid_timestamp',
				__( 'Event timestamp must be a valid Unix timestamp.' )
			);
		}

		return false;
	}

	$schedules = wp_get_schedules();

	if ( ! isset( $schedules[ $recurrence ] ) ) {
		if ( $wp_error ) {
			return new WP_Error(
				'invalid_schedule',
				__( 'Event schedule does not exist.' )
			);
		}

		return false;
	}

	$event = (object) array(
		'hook'      => $hook,
		'timestamp' => $timestamp,
		'schedule'  => $recurrence,
		'args'      => $args,
		'interval'  => $schedules[ $recurrence ]['interval'],
	);

	/** This filter is documented in wp-includes/cron.php */
	$pre = apply_filters( 'pre_schedule_event', null, $event, $wp_error );

	if ( null !== $pre ) {
		if ( $wp_error && false === $pre ) {
			return new WP_Error(
				'pre_schedule_event_false',
				__( 'A plugin prevented the event from being scheduled.' )
			);
		}

		if ( ! $wp_error && is_wp_error( $pre ) ) {
			return false;
		}

		return $pre;
	}

	/** This filter is documented in wp-includes/cron.php */
	$event = apply_filters( 'schedule_event', $event );

	// A plugin disallowed this event.
	if ( ! $event ) {
		if ( $wp_error ) {
			return new WP_Error(
				'schedule_event_false',
				__( 'A plugin disallowed this event.' )
			);
		}

		return false;
	}

	$key = md5( serialize( $event->args ) );

	$crons = _get_cron_array();
	$crons[ $event->timestamp ][ $event->hook ][ $key ] = array(
		'schedule' => $event->schedule,
		'args'     => $event->args,
		'interval' => $event->interval,
	);
	uksort( $crons, 'strnatcasecmp' );

	return _set_cron_array( $crons, $wp_error );
}